KEBERKESANAN LIMA MINIT SENAMAN QIGONG TERHADAP TAHAP KEMURUNGAN, KEBIMBANGAN DAN STRES DALAM KALANGAN MURID TINGKATAN EMPAT

  • Rosli Hamid
  • Syed Kamaruzaman Syed Ali
  • Megat Ahmad Kamaludin Megat Daud
  • Hutkemri Zulnaidi
  • Zanariah Hamid

Abstract

The study aims to investigate the effects of five minutes exercise of Qigong towards the level of depression, anxiety and stress among form four students. A total of 180 form four students in Kota Setar district secondary schools were tested using Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) instrument during pre and post test for eight weeks. The data from this quasi experiment were analysed using the Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) and Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) to see the relationship between Qigong exercises and depression, anxiety and stress for control and treatment group. Overall, multivariate test results with wilks' Lambda showed that there were significant effects on the three dependent variables [F (6, 524) = 2.20, p < .05)] for post test and pre test [F (6,262) =13.95, p< .05). The findings showed that students who practice Qigong exercise for five minutes can reduce the level of depression, anxiety and stress. In conclusion, Qigong excersise has significant relationship with the level of depression, anxiety and stress. It is also shown that female having higher levels of depression, anxiety and stress in both test compared to male.

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Published
2019-10-07
How to Cite
HAMID, Rosli et al. KEBERKESANAN LIMA MINIT SENAMAN QIGONG TERHADAP TAHAP KEMURUNGAN, KEBIMBANGAN DAN STRES DALAM KALANGAN MURID TINGKATAN EMPAT. JuPiDi: Jurnal Kepimpinan Pendidikan, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 4, p. 61-80, oct. 2019. ISSN 2289-9669. Available at: <https://jupidi.um.edu.my/article/view/20236>. Date accessed: 12 dec. 2019.
Section
Articles