KESAN AMALAN KEPEMIMPINAN PENGETUA SEKOLAH KE ATAS MOTIVASI DAN EFIKASI KENDIRI GURU TERHADAP PENCAPAIAN AKTIVITI KOKURIKULUM PELAJAR
Keywords:Leadership Practices, School Principals, Co-curriculum, Motivations, Self- Efficacy, Student Achievement
Previous research on direct effect of school principal and mediating effect of teacher towards student’s achievement in co-curricular activities was scarce. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify the causal relationship between school principal leadership practices and student achievement in co-curricular activities, as well as the mediation effects of teacher’s motivation and self-efficacy on the relationship. The sample of this quantitative survey study consists of 324 teachers from 28 secondary day schools in the Petaling Utama district, Selangor. A survey with 43 ten-point Likert scale items were used to collect data for principal leadership practices, teacher motivation, teacher self-efficacy and student achievement in co-curricular activities. Student co-curriculum achievement was measured for uniformed units, clubs, sports, and games. Result shows there is a significant causal relationship between school principal leadership practices and student achievement in co-curriculum. Both teacher’s motivation and self-efficacy were full mediators in the relationship between school principal leadership practices and student achievement in co-curriculum. This means without the mediation roles of teacher, there was no direct effect of school principal on student’s achievement in co-curricular activities. This study can be used as a guide for principals to practice empowerment in their respective schools, for increasing motivation and self-efficacy of teachers for achievement of students in co-curriculum activities. As co-curriculum is part of the National Education Policy and is very important in the formation of holistic human beings,further research covering various types of schools is necessary and mix method study should be considered in future studies.