ASPEK KESELAMATAN DAN PRIVASI DATA DALAM PENGURUSAN DATA RAYA PPD DI NEGERI TERENGGANU
The Industrial Revolution (RI) 4.0 has mobilized all sectors and industries around the world to use smart technology as the main medium for any activity. Big data is the key element of RI 4.0 and the education sector is one the earliest sectors realizing the importance of big data. The Ministry of Education Malaysia has started managing big data through the District Transformation Program (DTP) 3.0 under the Malaysian Education Development Plan (PPPM) 2013-2025. The District Education Office Excellence Assessment (PKPPD) is one of the important component in DTP and contains the District Education Office's (PPD) big data management assessment. However, PKPPD overall reports showed few PPDs did not achieve the overall standard in managing big data. Among the important dimensions in big data management is the privacy and security of big data. Therefore, this study was conducted to explore the needs of data privacy and security dimensions in managing PPD’s big data in Negeri Terengganu. This study was conducted qualitatively by interviewing three participants whose are big data personel from three different PPDs. The results showed that all of them were using free and paid algorithm codes with the lowest cost through their respective PPD initiatives. The use of this algorithm will enable to build one single layer keyword setting as it is a very low security filter, will be easy to be hack and eventually, big data in PPDs will be easy to access by hackers. Therefore, the concern and worries that the big data will be manipulated for inappropriate purposes by irresponsible parties. One of the impact of data manipulation is detrimental effect on data owners. Therefore, PPDs need assistance from the MOE such as training, skills and more robust applications or systems to address these issues. In addition, it is hope that the top management of the PPD willing to give high commitment in big data management to ensure that the privacy and security of big data in the PPD is secured and in a protected condition.